Green Books: Informational Reports

CCSDS Informational Reports (Green Books) is intended to provide for the timely publication of a very broad range of general information for the CCSDS community. Informational documents are often published in support of an Experimental specification, a Draft Standard or a Recommended Standard. They may therefore contain descriptive material, supporting analysis, test results, scenarios, etc., which are otherwise inappropriate for the contents of a technical specification.


 CCSDS.publicationViewer - VisualWebPart1

Currently 58 Books Listed
Document Icon
File size 794 KB
Lossless Data Compression. Green Book. Issue 3. April 2013.
This Report presents a summary of the key operational concepts and rationale underlying the requirements for the CCSDS Recommended Standard for Lossless Data Compression. Supporting performance information along with illustrations are also included. This Report also provides a broad tutorial overview of the CCSDS Lossless Data Compression algorithm and is aimed at helping first-time readers to understand the Recommended Standard. The current issue updates material affected by revision of the Lossless Data Compression Blue Book.
Document Icon
File size 5238 KB
Image Data Compression. Green Book. Issue 2. February 2015.
This Informational Report presents a summary of the key operational concepts and rationale which underlie the requirements for the CCSDS Recommended Standard, Image Data Compression (CCSDS 122.0-B-1). Supporting performance information along with illustrations are also included. This report provides a broad tutorial overview of the CCSDS Image Data Compression algorithm and is aimed at helping first-time readers to understand the Recommended Standard.
Document Icon
File size 2389 KB
Lossless Multispectral and Hyperspectral Image Compression. Green Book. Issue 1. December 2015.
This Informational Report presents a summary of the key operational concepts and rationale that underlie the requirements for the CCSDS Recommended Standard for Lossless Multispectral & Hyperspectral Image Compression, CCSDS 123.0-B-1, and provides a broad tutorial overview of algorithm.
Document Icon
File size 332 KB
Overview of Space Communications Protocols. Green Book. Issue 3. July 2014.
This Report provides an architectural overview of the space link protocols recommended by CCSDS and shows how these protocols are used in space mission data systems.
Document Icon
File size 737 KB
CCSDS Protocols over DVB-S2--Summary of Definition, Implementation, and Performance. Green Book. Issue 1. November 2016.
This document is a CCSDS Informational Report that contains background and explanatory material to support the CCSDS Recommended Standard for CCSDS Space Link Protocols over ETSI DVB-S2 Standard.
Document Icon
File size 2849 KB
TM Synchronization and Channel Coding--Summary of Concept and Rationale. Green Book. Issue 2. November 2012.
This Informational Report contains the concept and supporting rationale for the TM Synchronization and Channel Coding Recommended Standard and includes performance data and historical background information on code selection.
Document Icon
File size 269 KB
Space Data Link Protocols--Summary of Concept and Rationale. Green Book. Issue 3. September 2015.
This CCSDS Informational Report contains background and explanatory material to support the CCSDS Recommended Standards on the TC, TM, and AOS Space Data Link Protocols and Communications Operation Procedure-1 that accompanies the TC Space Data Link Protocol.
Document Icon
File size 4784 KB
Real-Time Weather and Atmospheric Characterization Data. Green Book. Issue 1. May 2017.
This Informational Report identifies and describes the atmospheric constituents that are most responsible for transmission losses in optical communications links at wavelengths near 1550 and 1064 nm. Considerations concerning the temporal measurement of the atmospheric parameters are discussed, along with the possible ways the data can be used for long-term ETS characterization and real-time operations, including handover prediction support.
Document Icon
File size 209 KB
Telecommand Summary of Concept and Rationale. Green Book. Issue 6. January 1987.
In order to establish a common framework within which the Agencies may develop standardized telecommand services, the CCSDS advocates adoption of a layered systems architecture. Within this approach, specific layers of service (including their operational protocol and data structuring techniques) may be selected for implementation according to mission requirements. The current layered set of CCSDS telecommand Recommendations was developed to match the conventional free-flying mission environment, as characterized by the transmission of command data at relatively low uplink data rates to spacecraft of moderate complexity. This Report summarizes the principal concepts associated with the CCSDS recommended space mission telecommanding architecture. This document has been reconfirmed by the CCSDS Management Council through October 2021.
Document Icon
File size 1185 KB
Proximity-1 Space Link Protocol--Rationale, Architecture, and Scenarios. Green Book. Issue 2. December 2013.
This Report contains background and explanatory material to support the CCSDS Recommended Standards for Proximity-1 Space Link Protocol (CCSDS 211.0-B, CCSDS 211.1-B, and CCSDS 211.2-B).
Document Icon
File size 860 KB
TC Synchronization and Channel Coding--Summary of Concept and Rationale. Green Book. Issue 2. November 2012.
This Informational Report contains the concept and supporting rationale for the TC Synchronization and Channel Coding Recommended Standard and includes performance data and historical background information on code selection.
Document Icon
File size 406 KB
Next Generation Uplink. Green Book. Issue 1. July 2014.
This CCSDS Informational Report discusses a future set (next generation) of telecommand recommendations for space missions.
Document Icon
File size 985 KB
Reference Architecture for Space Information Management. Green Book. Issue 1. March 2013.
This Informational Report presents a reference space information management architecture that encompasses the capture, management, access, and exchange of data for both flight and ground systems across the operational mission lifecycle.
Document Icon
File size 447 KB
The Application of CCSDS Protocols to Secure Systems. Green Book. Issue 2. January 2006.
This Report is intended to provide guidance to missions that wish to use the CCSDS Recommendations for spacecraft control and data handling but also require a level of security or data protection. The report provides background information on security, details various options for security implementation in space missions, and outlines the impact of security on defined CCSDS services.
Document Icon
File size 477 KB
Security Threats against Space Missions. Green Book. Issue 2. December 2015.
This CCSDS Informational Report provides an overview of potential threats against various categories of civilian space missions and provides illustrative security threat data for mission planners.
Document Icon
File size 402 KB
CCSDS Guide for Secure System Interconnection. Green Book. Issue 1. November 2007.
This CCSDS Informational Report is an adaptation of United States National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Security Guide for Interconnecting Information Technology Systems (NIST Special Publication 800-47). The CCSDS Report is tailored for the space community and provides a guide for secure space agency interconnections.
Document Icon
File size 398 KB
Space Missions Key Management Concept. Green Book. Issue 1. November 2011.
This Informational Report provides the core concepts of cryptographic key management in the context of space missions. The concepts described are the baseline for the CCSDS standardization activities with respect to security services and, more concretely, key management schemes for space missions.
Document Icon
File size 285 KB
Security Guide for Mission Planners. Green Book. Issue 1. October 2011.
This Informational Report provides guidance to mission planners in developing the management, operational, and technical security controls appropriate to the value of their system and the information processed in it.
Document Icon
File size 191 KB
Information Security Glossary of Terms. Green Book. Issue 1. November 2012.
This document is provides a central source of information security terms and their respective definitions.
Document Icon
File size 209 KB
CCSDS Cryptographic Algorithms. Green Book. Issue 1. December 2014.
This Informational Report provides background information regarding the standard CCSDS cryptographic algorithms specified in CCSDS 352.0-B-1, CCSDS Cryptographic Algorithms.
Document Icon
File size 1982 KB
Bandwidth-Efficient Modulations: Summary of Definition, Implementation, and Performance. Green Book. Issue 2. October 2009.
This Report contains technical material to supplement the CCSDS Recommendations for the standardization of modulation methods for high symbol rate transmissions generated by CCSDS Member Agencies.
Document Icon
File size 10929 KB
Simultaneous Transmission of GMSK Telemetry and PN Ranging. Green Book. Issue 1. May 2017.
This Informational Report is an adjunct document to the CCSDS Recommended Standard for Pseudo-Noise (PN) Ranging Systems (CCSDS 414.1-B-1). It provides background information and discussion of technical details related to the PN ranging systems defined by the CCSDS Recommended Standard.
Document Icon
File size 1990 KB
Pseudo-Noise (PN) Ranging Systems. Green Book. Issue 2. February 2014.
This Informational Report is an adjunct document to the CCSDS Recommended Standard for Pseudo-Noise (PN) Ranging Systems (CCSDS 414.1-B-1). It provides background information and discussion of technical details related to the PN ranging systems defined by the CCSDS Recommended Standard.
Document Icon
File size 431 KB
Data Transmission and PN Ranging for 2 GHz CDMA Link via Data Relay Satellite. Green Book. Issue 1. April 2013.
This Informational Report describes the concepts and the use of spread-spectrum modulation in existing Radio Frequency (RF satellite communications systems and is intended as a supplement to the CCSDS Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA Recommended Standard (CCSDS 415.1-B-1).
Document Icon
File size 112257 KB
Report of the Proceedings of the RF and Modulation Subpanel Meeting at the Ames Research Center, April 11-20, 1989. Green Book. Issue 1. September 1989.
This Report is a collection of papers presented to the CCSDS RF and Modulation Subpanel Meeting in April 1989. The original printed volume has been scanned in order to make it available for on-lineviewing and downloading. Optical Character Recognition (OCR) has been applied to the file in order to make it searchable; however, OCR errors are to be expected, and only the scanned page images can be considered to represent original document content with fidelity.
Document Icon
File size 3633 KB
Navigation Data—Definitions and Conventions. Green Book. Issue 3. May 2010.
This Report contains technical material to supplement the CCSDS Recommended Standards for spacecraft navigation data. The topics covered include radiometric data content, spacecraft ephemeris, planetary ephemeris, tracking station locations, coordinate systems, and attitude data. This Report deals explicitly with the technical definitions and conventions associated with interagency cross-support situations involving the transfer of ephemeris, tracking, and attitude data. The current issue brings the Green Book up to date with the current issue of Orbit Data Messages (CCSDS 502.0-B-2) as well as the new Recommended Standards for Tracking Data Message and Attitude Data Messages (CCSDS 503.0-B1 and CCSDS 504.0-B-1, respectively).
Document Icon
File size 644 KB
Delta-DOR--Technical Characteristics and Performance. Green Book. Issue 1. May 2013.
This Informational Report describes the theoretical aspects of and discusses trade-offs and system performance for the navigation technique known as Delta Differential One-Way Ranging (Delta-DOR). The topics covered include a general description of the technique, theoretical background, definition of observables, estimates of system performance, system trade-offs, and descriptions of existing systems. This Report deals explicitly with the technical definitions and conventions associated with inter-Agency cross-support situations involving Delta Differential One-way Ranging operations.
Document Icon
File size 224 KB
Navigation Data Messages Overview. Green Book. Issue 1. December 2015.
This Informational Report contains background and explanatory material to supplement the CCSDS Recommended Standards for spacecraft navigation data.
Document Icon
File size 660 KB
Mission Operations Services Concept. Green Book. Issue 3. December 2010.
This CCSDS Informational Report presents a set of concepts, reference architecture, and service framework for Spacecraft Monitoring and Control (SM&C). The standardization of the SM&C interfaces by means of a service-oriented architecture will allow development of standardized SM&C infrastructure systems for seamless transfer of data across systems, and adoption of commercial-off-the-shelf applications for monitoring and control purposes. The result will be significant savings in the development of the flight components and the ground segment of future space missions.
Document Icon
File size 719 KB
Telerobotic Operations. Green Book. Issue 1. November 2016.
This CCSDS Informational Report contains overview and descriptive material supporting analysis, requirements, descriptions of use, scenarios, etc., pertinent to the development of standards that support the safe, collaborative operation of mixed teams of human and robotic assets in the exploration of space.
Document Icon
File size 137 KB
Space Data Systems Operations with Standard Formatted Data Units: System and Implementation Aspects. Green Book. Issue 5. February 1987.
This Informational Report concerns space data systems operations with Standard Formatted Data Units (SFDUs). It explains the rationale for operations with SFDUs, the initial operational requirements for SFDUs, and the major benefits to be expected from operations with SFDUs. The CCSDS conducts periodic reconfirmation reviews of its publications to assure their continued relevance. This Informational Report has been reconfirmed through May 2018.
Document Icon
File size 1262 KB
Standard Formatted Data Units — A Tutorial. Green Book. Issue 1. May 1992.
This Informational Report explains the rationale of the Standard Formatted Data Unit (SFDU) concept and outlines the Structure and Construction Rules with the help of examples. It supports the main SFDU Recommended Standard, CCSDS 620.0-B-2. The CCSDS conducts periodic reconfirmation reviews of its publications to assure their continued relevance. This Informational Report has been reconfirmed through May 2018.
Document Icon
File size 208 KB
Standard Formatted Data Units — Control Authority Procedures Tutorial.. Green Book. Issue 2. November 1994.
This Report describes the Control Authority (CA) organization from both an implementer's and a user's perspective. This document serves as a companion document to Control Authority Procedures (CAP), CCSDS 630.0-B-1, and Control Authority Data Structures (CADS), CCSDS 632.0-B-1, and as such is intended to provide a tutorial for the procedures and services identified in the CAP and CADS Recommended Standards, background to assist in the effective implementation of the CAP and CADS Recommended Standards, and rationale and requirements for the CA organization. The CCSDS conducts periodic reconfirmation reviews of its publications to assure their continued relevance. This Informational Report has been reconfirmed through May 2018.
Document Icon
File size 426 KB
Parameter Value Language — A Tutorial. Green Book. Issue 2. June 2000.
This Informational Report describes the Parameter Value Language (PVL) and provides a description of how and why one would use this language for information interchange. publications to assure their continued relevance. This Informational Report has been reconfirmed through May 2018.
Document Icon
File size 420 KB
The Data Description Language EAST—A Tutorial. Green Book. Issue 1. May 1997.
This Informational Report describes the usage of the EAST language, its format, and construction rules as well as suggested practices. It is a companion document to CCSDS 644.0-B-3, The Data Description Language EAST Specification (CCSD0010). The CCSDS conducts periodic reconfirmation reviews of its publications to assure their continued relevance. This Informational Report has been reconfirmed through June 2022.
Document Icon
File size 86 KB
The Data Description Language EAST—List of Conventions. Green Book. Issue 1. May 1997.
This Informational Report establishes an evolving list of conventions used in the data generation process to produce real numbers. These conventions are referenced in EAST Data Descriptions (see CCSDS 644.0-B-3) and could be referenced in other Data Description Records (DDRs), written in other Data Description Languages (DDL). The CCSDS conducts periodic reconfirmation reviews of its publications to assure their continued relevance. This Informational Report has been reconfirmed through June 2022.
Document Icon
File size 2277 KB
Producer-Archive Interface Specification (PAIS)--A Tutorial. Green Book. Issue 1. September 2016.
This CCSDS Informational Report provides a tutorial for CCSDS 651.1-B-1, Producer-Archive Interface Specification (PAIS) (Blue Book, Issue 1, February 2014).
Document Icon
File size 1309 KB
XML Telemetric and Command Exchange (XTCE). Green Book. Issue 1. July 2006.
This CCSDS Informational Report presents a set of concepts and tutorial on the XML Telemetric and Command Exchange (XTCE). XTCE is an XML based format aim at facilitating the exchange of spacecraft telemetry and command databases between different organizations and systems during any mission phase. Such a non-proprietary format avoids the need for customized import/export tools, and the validation and new implementation of mission databases, which are often error-prone. The scope of XTCE is limited to the exchange of satellite telemetry and commanding databases. XTCE can be used to exchange a database between spacecraft manufacturers, instrument manufacturers, and different systems of the ground segment. It can also be used as an exchange mechanism between different development teams or between missions, which enhances database re-use.
Document Icon
File size 1960 KB
XML Telemetric and Command Exchange (XTCE)--Element Description. Green Book. Issue 1. May 2012.
This Informational Report provides information for using Extensible Markup Language (XML) Telemetric and Command Exchange (XTCE) 1.1.
Document Icon
File size 174 KB
Advanced Orbiting Systems, Networks and Data Links: Summary of Concept, Rationale and Performance. Green Book. Issue 3. November 1992.
This CCSDS Report contains background and explanatory material to supplement the CCSDS Recommendation, Advanced Orbiting Systems, Network and Data Links: Architectural Specification, 701.0-B-2. This document has been reconfirmed by the CCSDS Management Council through October 2021.
Document Icon
File size 1793 KB
Motion Imagery and Applications. Green Book. Issue 2. May 2015.
This document provides a common reference and framework for development of standards for digital video and motion imagery for use in space missions, and it provides a foundation for future recommendations for utilization of international standards for sharing or distributing video and motion imagery between spacecraft elements and ground distribution systems.
Document Icon
File size 1537 KB
Voice Communications. Green Book. Issue 1. September 2010.
This CCSDS Informational Report presents an overview of voice communications in use in human spaceflight.
Document Icon
File size 566 KB
CCSDS File Delivery Protocol (CFDP)—Part 1: Introduction and Overview. Green Book. Issue 3. April 2007.
Document Icon
File size 1842 KB
CCSDS File Delivery Protocol (CFDP)—Part 2: Implementers Guide. Green Book. Issue 3. April 2007.
This Report provides information to assist implementers in understanding the details of the protocol and in the selection of appropriate options, and contains suggestions and recommendations about implementation-specific subjects. This Report also contains implementation reports from various member Agencies, reports on testing of the implementations and protocol, and the requirements upon which the CFDP is based.
Document Icon
File size 297 KB
CCSDS File Delivery Protocol (CFDP)—Part 3: Interoperability Testing Final. Green Book. Issue 1. September 2007.
This Informational Report describes and discusses the results of CFDP interoperability testing conducted among CCSDS Agencies.
Document Icon
File size 3777 KB
Solar System Internetwork (SSI) Architecture. Green Book. Issue 1. July 2014.
This CCSDS Informational Report provides a top-level architecture of the Solar System Internetwork (SSI). It defines the features, elements, principles, and procedures of the SSI, consistent with the SSI Operations Concept that was produced by the Space Internetworking Strategy Group and approved by the Interagency Operations Advisory Group in 2010.
Document Icon
File size 1246 KB
Rationale, Scenarios, and Requirements for DTN in Space. Green Book. Issue 1. August 2010.
This Informational Report contains background and explanatory material to support forthcoming CCSDS Recommendations for a Delay-Tolerant Networking protocol suite. It describes the rationale, scenarios/use cases, and requirements for a proposed DTN service targeted at the space internetworking environment.
Document Icon
File size 371 KB
Asynchronous Message Service. Green Book. Issue 1. December 2012.
This Informational Report provides additional perspectives on Asynchronous Message Service (CCSDS 735.1-B-1) motivation, design, implementation, and deployment in space flight missions.
Document Icon
File size 631 KB
Mars Mission Protocol Profiles--Purpose and Rationale. Green Book. Issue 1. July 2008.
This CCSDS Informational Report provides an operations overview for Mars mission interoperability and gives the supporting rationale for the relevant communications protocols to be used in Mars end-to-end operations for packet or file relaying.
Document Icon
File size 1036 KB
Spacecraft Onboard Interface Services. Green Book. Issue 2. December 2013.
This Informational Report describes the concept and supporting rationale for the Spacecraft Onboard Interface Services (SOIS). It is intended to provide an introduction and overview of the SOIS services concept upon which the detailed CCSDS SOIS recommendations are based, as well as to summarize the specific individual service recommendations and rationale. The concepts described in this Informational Report are the baseline concepts for the CCSDS standardization activities with respect to services and generic support services to be used in the flight segment of spacecraft systems.
Document Icon
File size 5834 KB
Wireless Network Communications Overview for Space Mission Operations. Green Book. Issue 3. May 2017.
This Informational Report contains background and explanatory material to support the CCSDS wireless network communications Best Practices for networked wireless communications in support of space missions. It examines the possibilities and advantages of the onboard application of wireless communications technology to space missions, describes a set of driving use cases in the space domain, and evaluates the utilization of existing technologies and related terrestrial commercial standards to meet the resulting space-based use case requirements. Also included is relevant tutorial information intended to assist the reader in understanding basic concepts of wireless transmission and networking along with possible issues related to the deployment of wireless networks.
Document Icon
File size 4553 KB
Space Communications Cross Support--Architecture Description Document. Green Book. Issue 1. November 2013.
This Informational Report describes an architecture in terms of CCSDS-recommended configurations for secure space communications cross support. This architecture is intended to be used as a common framework when CCSDS Agencies 1) provide and use space communications cross support services, and 2) develop systems that provide interoperable space communications cross support services.
Document Icon
File size 1148 KB
Extensible Space Communication Cross Support--Service Management--Concept. Green Book. Issue 1. September 2014.
This Informational Report documents a concept for Space Communication Cross Support Service Management that spans the space mission lifecycle and enables the graceful evolution of Space Communication Cross Support Service Management in step with the evolution of space communication technology.
Document Icon
File size 143 KB
Space Link Extension Services—Executive Summary. Green Book. Issue 2. March 2006.
This Administrative Report provides an overview of Space Link Extension (SLE) Services. It is designed to assist readers with their review of existing and future SLE documentation.
Document Icon
File size 168 KB
Standard Terminology, Conventions, and Methodology (TCM) for Defining Data Services. Green Book. Issue 1. November 1994.
This Report is a summary of, and cross-reference to, internationally adopted standards for defining data services, and is the result of a study of different data service definition conventions conducted in support of the definition of CCSDS Space Link Extension services. The material contained in the Report is not limited to Space Link Extension services and may be applicable to other data service definition activities of CCSDS and its member Agencies. The CCSDS conducts periodic reconfirmation reviews of its publications to assure their continued relevance. This Informational Report has been reconfirmed through June 2022.
Document Icon
File size 977 KB
Cross Support Concept — Part 1: Space Link Extension. Green Book. Issue 3. March 2006.
This Report presents the cross support concept for CCSDS Space Link Extension (SLE) services. It identifies the functional components of the ground-resident portion of a space data system and defines the interface points where agency interoperations may occur. This Report summarizes the technical considerations for all cross support of CCSDS-compliant space data systems. The CCSDS conducts periodic reconfirmation reviews of its publications to assure their continued relevance. This Informational Report has been reconfirmed through June 2022.
Document Icon
File size 422 KB
Space Link Extension—Application Program Interface for Transfer Services—Summary of Concept and Rationale. Green Book. Issue 1. January 2006.
This Report presents a summary of supplementary information supporting the CCSDS documents that specify the Application Program Interface (API) for SLE transfer services. The CCSDS conducts periodic reconfirmation reviews of its publications to assure their continued relevance. This Informational Report has been reconfirmed through June 2022.
Document Icon
File size 622 KB
Space Link Extension—Application Program Interface for Transfer Services—Application Programmer's Guide. Green Book. Issue 2. October 2008.
This Application Programmer's Guide provides tutorial material for software developers wishing to integrate the API into SLE user applications or SLE provider applications. In particular, it explains how to create and configure API components and discusses a number of scenarios demonstrating how an application can use the API. The CCSDS conducts periodic reconfirmation reviews of its publications to assure their continued relevance. This Informational Report has been reconfirmed through June 2022.
Copyright 2017 © CCSDS/ASRC Federal Technical Services All rights reserved.